Many Muslim scientists contributed a lot in the field of biology but the following names are more respectable:
Period: 722-817 A.D
Books: Alnabatat and Alhaywan
Contribution: He studied the life of plants and animals and wrote many books about them.
Books: Al-Kheil, Al-Ibil, As-Sha, Al-Wahoosh, Khalaqul Insan.
Contributions: He described the body structure and functions of horses, camels, sheep, wild animals and human beings in detail.
· Abu-Usman-Umer Al-Jahiz
Contribution: He explained the characteristics of about 350 species of animals. He wrote on the life of aunts especially.
· Al-Farabi and Abu-ul-Qusim Al-Zahravi
Period: 870-950 A.D
Books: Al-Nabatat, Al-Haywanat
Contribution: The above mentioned books were written by Al-Farabi. On the other hand, Al-Zahravi was famous for removal of stone from urinary bladder.
Period: 965-1039 A.D
Books: Al-Manazir, Mizan-ul-Hikma
Contributions: Both of these books were famous and well known at that time. These books were translated into Latin, Hebrew, Greek and other western languages. He explained the structure and functions of eyes and suggested the cornea as a site of vision.
· Bu-Ali Sina
Period: 980 A.D
Book: Al-Qanoon Fil Tib Al-Shifa
Contribution: He wrote about plants, animals and non-living things in one book. He was expert in mathematics, astronomy, physics and paleontology.
Contribution: he described the blood circulation in the human body.
· Ali Ibne Isa
Contribution: He worked on structure, functions of eye and about 130 diseases of eyes and their treatment.