Contribution of Non Muslim Scientist in the field of biology

by • 14/07/2011 • Old Pattern Biology NotesComments (0)687

There is long list of non-Muslim scientists who contributed a lot in the field of biology. But, the following scientists are very well known.

·       ARISTOTLE

Period: 382-322 A.D

Book: Historia Animalia

Contribution: He classified the animals and called as founder of biological classifications. He classified animals into two units, genus and species which was called Oedos.

·       THEOPHRASTUS

Contribution: He accepted sex in plants and desired about 500 plants. He is known as father of botany.

·       VISALIUS

Period: 1514-1564 A.D

Contribution: He wrote a book on human body structure in which he described bones, muscles and orans in detail.

·       WILLIAM HARVEY

Period: 1578-1657 A.D

Contribution: He described the blood circulation in human body.

·       CAROLOUS LINNAEUS

Period: 1507-1778 A.D

Contribution: He described the blood circulation in human body.

·       SCHLELDEN AND SCHWANN

Contribution: Scheiden (1838) studied the cells of plants and Schwann (1839) studied the cells of animals. They proposed the cell theory.

·       LOUIS PASTEUR

Period: 1822-1895 A.D

Contribution: He proved that microbes are found in the air which spoils the food items.

·       EDWARD JENNAR

Period: 1796 A.D

Contribution: He invented method of vaccination against Small Pox.

·       ROBERT KOCH

Period: 1845-1910 A.D.

Contribution: He discovered bacteria as causes of main diseases like Tuberculosis.

·       JOSEPH LISTER

Period: 1860 A.D

Contribution: He made antiseptic medicines like Iodine and Carbolic acid.

·       CHARLES DARWIN

Period: 1859 A.D

Book: Origin of Species by Natural Selection

Contribution: He explained concept of evolution in his book.

·       GREGOR MENDEL

Period: 1822-1884 A.D

Contribution: He conducted experiments on Pea plants. He formulated the laws of inheritance. He is known as father of modern genetics.

·       WILLIAM LAWRENCE AND WILLIAM HENRY

Period: 1882 A.D

Contribution: They discovered X-ray crystallography to understand the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DN). They were father and son.

·        FRANCIS CRICK AND JAMES WATSON

Period: 1953 A.D

Contribution: He discovered the double helix model of DNA and proved that DNA is found in cells of all living organisms.

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