Q4. Describe the duties of a common carrier.
DUTIES OF COMMON CARRIER
Following are the duties of common carrier.
(1) REASONABLE CARE
At the time of carrying goo1s the common carrier must be careful so that the delivery of goods may be safe. If goods are damage due to negligence of carrier, then he will liable to compensate the loss.
(2) IN TIME DELIVERY
The common carrier is bound to deliver goods in time, stated in the contract of delivery. If consignor suffer a loss due to delay in delivery then the carrier will held responsible.
(3) ACCEPTANCE OF GOODS
Common carrier is bound to accept goods, which are offered to him for carriage with reasonable charges. But it is necessary that reasonable reward should be offer with normal route for carriage.
(4) DELIVERY TO THE RIGHT PERSON
It is the duty of the common carrier to deliver the goods to the right person, who is mention in the contract of ale. He will be held responsible if the goods are delivering to the wrong person.
(5) NOTICE FOR ADDITIONAL CHARGES
If the goods are required to additional charges, it is duty of the common carrier to give prior notice of extra charges and must give a receipt for additional charges. These additional expenses incurred under exceptional cases.
(6) ORDINARY ROUTE
The common carrier is bound to carry goods by the ordinary route. But he can change his route if it is necessary for the purpose of safety of goods. He is bound to inform the consignor about the route which he may adopt to deliver the goods.
(7) SAFE TRANSPORTATION
It is the basic duty of the common carrier to prove the service of safe transportation. It should avoid adopting the rout which is dangerous for the delivery of goods. If the goods are damage due to negligence of carrier, then he will liable for it.
(8) NOTICE OF ARRIVAL
It is the duty of the common carrier to give the notice of the- arrival of the goods to the consignee. Due to this notice the consignee will take definite step to receive the goods property.
(9) FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTION
As to the alterations of delivery it is the duty of the common carrier to follow the instruction of the consignor. He should avoid deviating from provision of contract.
(10) RIGHT PLACE
It is the duty of the common carrier to deliver the goods at right place, which is mention in contract of sale of goods. If no place is mention regarding the delivery of goods then h must delivers the goods at the customary place.