Industrialization is essential for the rapid growth and development of country. Pakistan at the time of partition had negligible industrial base.
Essential consumer goods of chemicals, steel, heavy engineering and machines and tools, refined sugar, fertilizer, cement, etc. have saved substantial amount of foreign exchange.
- Textile Industries: Textile sector represents one of the most important sector of the economy as its produce is almost 65 percent of Pakistan’s total exports. And 25 percent weight in the country’s large scale industrial production.
- Small Scale Industries: This sector plays a vital role in industrial development because it employees less fixed investment generates more employment opportunities, uses indigenous technology and raw material, and helps reduce urban migration. These include textiles, embroidery and fancy needlework, leather, pottery and furniture, handicrafts, clay – works, utensils made from brass, copper, silver, iron and aluminum, sports goods, marble works etc.
- Public Sector Industries: At present this sector is comprised of nine holding corporations including Ghee Corporation of Pakistan (GCP). Before privatization, there were 100 operating units under the administration control of these corporations but after privatization, 45 units are left with Ministry of Industries and Investment.
- Cotton Industries: In 1947 only six (6) cotton factories were workin in West Pakistan. Number of mills had reached almost 300 containing 19000 power looms and almost 63 lacs spindles. More than 60% of our exports consists of cotton and its goods.
Simplicity: Life in Pakistan reflects Islam tradition in their social custom and traditions, food, dresses etcs.
Simple Dress and Diet: Dress is an important manifestation of culture. Dress in a Muslim society intended to cover the whole human body. Pakistani people therefore wear simple dress called Shalwar Kameez. They eat simple food and social etiquette are strictly incorporated with the Islamic Principles.
Easy Language: A no of languages are spoken in Pakistan. Urdu is spoken in all parts of the country. Punjabi, Pushto, Sindhi and Balochi are the regional languages of Pakistan. Urdu being official language is the medium of communication throughout Pakistan.
Literature, Art and Poetry: Literature is an important aspect of our cultural life. It reflects Islamic trends. Poetry gives the message of love and brotherhood. The poets and write in our culture express their views.
Handicrafts: Pakistani craftsmen are considered as the best Indian craftsman. They are known for the high quality handicrafts which are very popular in the foreign countries. These handicrafts also reflect over Islamic culture.
Sports: Many games and sports are played in Pakistan e.g Wrestling, hockey, cricket, foot ball, squash, badminton, Athelets and kabaddi. Pakistan enjoys high position in the field of hockey, cricket and squash.
Women in Different Fields of Life: As our culture is Islamic, value gives full respects and rights to women. Whether they are working lady or housewife. One of us is the ex-Prime Minister (the first women) Benazir Bhutto.
Women Banks are also running successfully by the women of Pakistan and the other successfully organization is Women Police Station (WPS).
Conclusion: Our culture is full of color life, respect, unity, uniformity, a mixture of different regional ingredients. We must keep our culture alive for our next generations and require it aloof to westernization.
Rabbani M-I, 2000: New Millennium Introduction to Pakistan Studies, Lahore. The caravan book publication.
Pakistan Studies for IX-X, 1990. Jamshoro Sindh Text Book Board.