Q-2: Describe the application, aim, objectives & important definitions of the industrial relation ordinance 2002.
Ans: APPLICABILITY OF ORDINANCE [SECTION 1(3)]
The Industrial Relations Ordinance, 2002 extends to the whole ofPakistanand applies to persons employed in any establishment, or group of establishments or industry.
The Ordinance does not apply to persons employed in:
- Police or defence services
- Installation or services connected with armed forces
- Pakistansecurity printing corporation or security papers limited orPakistanmint
- Administration of state
- Establishment of treatment of sick, infirm, destitute and mentally unfit
- Institution of old-age pension or workers welfare
- Members of
- Watch and ward
- Fire service of oil refinery
- Production of national gas, liquid petroleum gas or petroleum products
OBJECTIVES OF I.R.O
The aims and objectives of the Industrial Relation Ordinance, 2002 are listed below:
- Amend and consolidate the law relating to formation of trade unions.
- Regulate the relation between employers and workmen.
- Avoidance and settlement of differences or disputes arising between employer and workmen.
- Meet the necessity of circumstances for an industrial relation law.
a. Arbitrator [Section 2(i)]
An arbitrator is a person appointed by the mutual consent of both the parties to a dispute for the purpose of investigation and settlement of the disputes submitted to him.
b. Award [Section 2(H)]
The award means the determination by a labour Court, Arbitrator, or an Appellate Court of any industrial dispute or any matter relating thereto and includes an interim award.
c. Association [Section 2(iii)]
Association means any organization of employers formed primarily for furthering and defending the interests and rights of employers.
d. Board of Conciliators [Section 2(iv)]
Conciliator means a person who is appointed by the Provincial or Federal Government for the purpose of solving any dispute arising between the employers and trade union by making all possible efforts to persuade both the parties to come to a settlement without adopting a legal course of referring the dispute to the labour court
e. Collective Bargaining Agent [Section 2(v)]
Collective bargaining agent means the trade union of workmen which is the agent of workmen in the establishment, group of establishments or industry in the matter of collective bargaining.