Q. Discuss the problem faced by Pakistan at the time of its creation.
INITIAL DIFFICULTIES OF PAKISTAN
Pakistancame into being as a free and independent state on 14 august 1947. At the time of its creationPakistanhad to face in favorable circumstances and problem. These problems were a threat to the existence ofPakistan.Pakistanhad no sufficient recourses to solve the problems like lack of finance, agricultural setback, insufficient defense system and rehabilitation of a large number of immigrants among fromIndia. The solution of these problems was imperative for its existence.
Following are the problem faced byPakistanat the time of its creation.
ESTABLISHMENT OF PAKISTAN
The immediate task before the nation was to establish was at workable administrative and governmental machinery to run the affair of the state.
The acute shortage of competent and experienced person who can look after the new government system was a problem.Karachiwas chosen as the capital of the country. Proper arrangements were made to bring the officials who have opted to come toPakistan.
DEMARKATION OF BOUNDRIES
A commission was set up under Sir Cryil Redcliffe to demarcatePakistan’s boundary. He deliberately handed over Muslim majority area Ferozpur, Jalendhar and Gurdas pur toIndia. Later onIndiaforcibly occupied the state of Junagadh which had acceded toPakistan, by declaring wagah as the boundary betweenIndiaandPakistan. The unfair demarcation led to one of the hottest issue of the world known asKashmirissue.
A large number of Muslims were living in the mainlandofIndiaafter the creation ofPakistanthese people started migrating toPakistan. The influx of refugees created a big problem for a newly born state with its limited resources. There was hardly any reasonable accommodation available inPakistan.
DIVISION OF ASSETS AND MILITRY EQUIPMENT
WhenPakistangovernment was established it required furniture for office equipment which was not given toPakistan. The furniture sent toPakistanwas broken and in shabby condition. There was lack of paper, pen, pins etc.
After independencePakistanneeded armed forces and military equipment for their safeguard. The equipment given to Pakistani was mostly obsolete. The machinery was outdated.
It was decided that army soldiers and men who opted forPakistanwill join the forces but many of them were those who had not returned from World War II.
WhenPakistancame into being there was a cash balance of billion of Rs.Pakistanhad to receive only 200 million as on opening balance. Its share was later on fixed by mutual agreement at 750 million. The remaining 550 million was to be paid. The Indian government refuse to givePakistanits agreed share on Mr. Gandhi instance Indian government gave 500 million toPakistan. The remaining 50 million have not been paid up till now.
CANAL WATER DISPUTE
With the strong hold ofKashmir,Indiawas in position to stop the flow of water in the rivers of Punjab stopping the supply of water toPakistan. In the beginningPakistanhad to pay big amount of money forgetting water for its canal but afterwards under the supervision of the World Bank the Indus Basin Treaty was signed in 1960 dividing the river equally betweenPakistanandIndia.
At the time of creation The Government of India Act 1935 was adapted as interim constitution. A constituent assembly was set up to frame a constitution. It failed to fulfill this task and was dissolved in 1954.
The second constituent assembly was elected which framed the constitution ofPakistanin 1956 due to certain flaws in constitution. It was abrogated in 1958. The second constituent was implemented in 1962. This was abrogated in 1969. The third constitution was implemented in 1973. The abrogation of 2 constituent led to political unrest and constitutional crisis inPakistan.
At the time of independence ofPakistanfaced many problems. The step taken were long lasting and well planned. But now after end of a century the seeds which were sown at that time by our leader are now giving fruits to us.