His early life – Proceeded to England for higher education – Stay in England – Return to India • Started legal profession – Joined All India National Congress – Became the leader of Muslims – Freedom Movements – Pakistan created – Its first Governor General – Death.
Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born inKarachion the 25th December, 1876. His father, Jinnah Poonjah, was a big merchant ofKarachi. Though a very rich merchant, Mr. Poonjah wanted to give good education to his son and keep him away from business.
Mr. Mohammad AH Jinnah received his early education inKarachiandBombay. He passed his Entrance Examination in 1891. In his school days he was very painstaking in his studies. He observed the rules of discipline. He was also very punctual m attendance. All these pointed to his future greatness. For his good qualities, he was very much loved by his teachers and fellow-students.
His father’s friend, Mr. Federick Croft, discovered signs of a great man in him. He advised his father to send him toEnglandfor higher studies. Accordingly Mr. Jinnah left forEnglandin 1892. There he was admitted into theLincoln’sInnand obtained the degree of Bar-at-Law.
Mr Jinnah stayed inEnglandfor four years. He studied the ways of the English people. He was very much impressed to find that all of them, rich or poor, loved their motherland. There he came under the influence of a patriotic Indian, Dababhoy Nooroj.
After having successfully finished his education, Mr. Jinnah returned toIndiain 1896. At that time his father’s business was not running well. So to earn money for the family, he started practice inKarachi. But he could not do well. He leftKarachiand went toBombayto try his luck there. Here, too, his practice was dull for three years. At last, he accepted the service as Third Presidency Magistrate of Bombay. But he was confident that he would do well as a lawyer. So he gave up the service after some time and joined the bar. This time fortune smiled on him. Within a short time he was recognised as a distinguished lawyer. His fame spread far and wide.
In 1905, Mr. Jinnah came in close contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Mr. Gokhale was then the president of the Indian National Congress. Soon he became its most important leader. He was called the “Ambassador of Hindu-M .slim Unity.” But he was disillusioned in 1930. For he then realised that the only object of the Congress was to establish Hindu rule inIndia. He, therefore, separated himself from the” Congress. He devoted himself in organising the Muslims. The Muslims were then at their lowest ebb-politically, socially and economically. His,, leadership, kindled a new-imagination among the frustrated Muslims. He created political consciousness among the Muslims of India. It was due to his guidance and leadership the Muslims regained their confidence. Each and every Muslim responded to his clarion call. And they, with one voice demanded a separate homeland for them.
In 1940, the famous Pakistan Resolution was adopted. The struggle forPakistanis a story of a continuous struggle against a host of obstacles and it was his guidance and leadership which provided for us a bulwork of strength at these difficult times.
The creation ofPakistanwas due to the untiring labour and zeal of Quaid-i-Azam. He wonPakistanby his irrefutable arguments. He is called the “Father of the Nation”. For like a father, he acquired a homeland for us.
Though in shattered health, he had to accept the first Governor-Generalship of Pakistan. He died in harness on the 11th September, 1948.