Technical education is the need of the hour. We live in the Machine Age. It is an age of large-scale production and it cannot be achieved without machinery. Political freedom cannot be preserved without economic stability. Economic stability cannot be achieved without the use of machine end modern technology.
There are many detects in our system at education. It is examination ridden. There is excessive emphasis on bookish learning. Cramming is encouraged. But the most serious defect is that the f&1attles for technical education arc still very limited.
The need for technical education is very great. Our country is on the way to industrialization. We are setting up big plants and bigger factories. Huge dams and multipurpose projects are being set up. We want to keep pace with the advanced countries of the west. The progress of a nation today depends on her industry and mechanized agriculture, without which a solid economy will not be possible. Even in defence matters we cannot depend merely on physical strength. A strong defence needs scientific equipment and mechanized divisions. And for this we need technical personnel.
It is, therefore, necessary that there should be a shift of emphasis in our education. More and more people should get technical education. The scope for employment is unlimited in technical fields. We need as many engineers as we can get. Any number of mechanics can be employed immediately.
But, old habits die hard. Office jobs are considered to be more respectable. Even clerkships are not meant for all, they fall to the lot of the lucky few only. A man who receives literary education despises manual work. This attitude is foolish, it must be given up. A foreman in a factory is much better off economically than a clerk.
In recent years the old prejudice against technical training has weakened but it has not disappeared altogether. Again, the facilities for technical education are very limited. The institutions imparting technical education are generally located in big cities. The government, therefore, open more technical schools at different places. Entrance in these schools should not be made very difficult. Expenses should be kept to the minimum. Research facilities should also be increased. It must be admitted that the task is difficult.
It will take time and money. Private enterprise can play a useful role in this. Everything should not be left to the government.
Technical education will raise the working classes to a self-respect and dignity hitherto unknown among them. The time has come when the discoveries of science will be put into practical shape and the students will be taught to put into practice their theoretical knowledge. This can only be done with the help of technical knowledge.