Some people think that the concept of two nation theory is a new one in sub continent and it indicate lack of understanding about fundamental principle of Islam. However it is quite evident that the Muslims and Non Muslims are different in various aspects as clearly stated in the Holy Quran.
MEANING OF TWO NATION THEORY
Two nation theory in its simplest way means the cultural, political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between two major communities, Hindus and Muslims. These differences of outlook in fact were greatly instrumental in giving rise to two distinct political ideologies which were responsible for the partition of India.
THE BASIC OF CREATION OF PAKISTAN
The two nation theory was the basis of struggle for the creation ofPakistan, which held that the Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations. They inspite of living together for centuries could not forget their individual culture and civilization. Al-Beruni recorded his ideas in 1001 AD in his famous book “Kitab-ul-Hind”.
“Hindus society maintained this peculiar character for over the centuries. The two societies, Hindus and Muslims, like two streams have sometime touched but never merged, each following its separate course.”
TWO NATION THEORY AND IDEOLOGY – A RELATION
Muslims had realized that in after the departure of British fromSouth Asia, they were going to be ruled by the Hindu majority which would ruin this identity, their religious, cultural and moral values. Thus emerged a new concept of two separate nation on the political arena of sub continent. Allama Iqbal had already wished for a separate Islamic scale. This demand was further advanced inPakistanresolution clearly demanding a separate homeland or Muslims of South Asia. As this demand was based on two nation theory, it became the ideology ofPakistan.
SIR SYED AHMED KHAN – THE PIONEER OF TWO NATION THEORY
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, the pioneer of two nation theory used the word two nations for Hindus and Muslims after being convinced of the Hindus and Congress hostility, hatred and prejudice for Muslims. The entire freedom struggle of the Muslims depends upon the two nation theory. He did his best to make the Muslims realize their difference with the Hindus on the basis of religious, social, national, international identity and for this purpose he diverted the attention of the Muslims towards “Two Nations” or “Two Entities”.
After Hindi-Urdu controversy he left sure that Hindus and Muslims can never live together as one nation. He said:
“I am convinced now that Hindus and Muslims could never become one nation as their religion and way of life was quite different from each other”.
TWO NATION THEORY IN VEIN OF IQBAL
Allama Iqbal was the first important figure who propounded the idea of separate homeland for Muslims on the basis of two nation theory. He firmly believed that Muslims are a separate nation and peace cannot be attained until and unless Muslims are recognized as a nation. In the annual session of Muslim league at Allahabadin 1960, he said:
“India is a continent of human beings belongings to different language and professing different religions. I, therefore, demand the formation of consolidated Muslim state in the best interests of Muslims of India and Islam”.
QUAID-E-AZAM’S STATEMENT ON TWO NATION THEORY
The most clear and empathic exposition of two nation theory was found in Jinnah’s statement. He expounded the theory in such detail that most Muslims and even some Hindus came to believe truth. He said:
“Muslims are not a minority; they are nation by every definition of the word nation”.
Hindus and Muslims could never evolve a common nationality was an idle dreams; he said that there is an unbridgeable gulf between them that stand miles apart in regard to their ideals, culture and religion. In 1973, he said:
“Hindustan is neither one country, nor its inhabitant’s one nation. This is a sub-continent which consists of many nations of which Hindus and Muslims are two major nations.”