A chemical process in which cation of acid is combining with anion of base to form water along with salt is called neutralization e.g.
HCL + Na0H —> NaCl + H20
TYPE OF SALT FORMED AFTER NEUTRALIZATION
i. ACID SALT:
When strong acid is combine with weak base, partial neutralization takes place so that a salt obtained which is acidic in character called acidic salt for e.g.
HCI + NH4OH ————> NH4Cl + H2O
ii. BASIC SALT:
When strong base is combine with weak acid, partial neutralization takes place so that a salt obtained which is basic in character called basic salt for e.g.
2NaOH + H2CO3 ————> Na2CO3 + 2H2O
iii. NEUTRAL SALT:
When strong acid is combine with strong base, complete neutralization take place so that a salt obtained is neutral in character called neutral salt for e.g.
HCl + NaOH ————> NaCl + H2O