Q.1 Who was Shah Abdul Latif? Where and when was he born?
Ans. Shah Abdul Latif was a great saint who is lovingly called “Lal Latif” by his devotees. He was born in a small village called “Hala Haveli” in the year 1689.
Q. 2. Where is Bhit Shah?
Ans. Bhit Shah is at a distance of 55 kilometers from Hyderabad.
Q. 3. What changes did Shah Abdul Latif make in the music of those days?
Ans. Shah Abdul Latif simplified the music of those days.
Q. 4.Why did Shah Abdul Latif love the lake which is near the mound?
Ans.Shah Latif loved the lake which is near the mound because his poetic nature loved the calm atmosphere.
Q.5. What do you know about the ancestors of Shah Abdul Latif?
Ans. Shah Abdul Latif’s ancestors had migrated to Sindh during the days of Tamerlane. They had come from Hiirat a town in West Afghanistan. They liked Sindh so much so that they decided to make it their permanent home. Many centuries later one of their decendants, Syed Habib Shah, was blessed with a son who grew up to be “Saint Lal Latif”.
Q.6. Why is Shah Latif known as “Saint of Bhit”?
Ans. When Shah Latif father died, he left his home and went to live on a Mound at some distance from his village. A mound of sand is called “Bhit” in Sindhi. Due to the fact that he lived on this mound for the rest of his life, Shah Latif came to be known as “The Saint of Bhit.”
Q.7.Name the shrines of saints found in Pakistan.
Ans. In every part of our country, there are shrines of such saints:
- In Lahore, The shrines of Data Ganj Bakhsh and Mian Mir Sahib.
- In Pak Pattan, Lived and Died Baba Fareed.
- In Multan, The Shrine of Ghoues Bahaul Haq.
- In Sindh, the Shrines of Shah Abdul Latif and Qalander Lal Shahbaz.
- In Peshawar, in Quetta, and in countless other towns and cities there are the tombs of these man of God.
Q.8. What do you know about Tamboora?
Ans. The tambooro is a simple musical instrument invented by the Sufi, philosopher Shah Abdul Latif.
Q.9.Make sentences of your own using the following words:
Message, example, religion, famous, invented
Message: He gave your message.
Example: The teacher taught the lesson with the example.
Religion: Islam is the religion of peace.
Famous: Sheikh Ayaz is the famous poet of Sindh.
Invented: Marconi invented Radio.
Q.10. Short Note / Paragraph
The great saint and poet Shah Abdul Latif was born in 1102, Hijra in a small village called “Hala Haveli.” His father’s name was Shah Habib. He was the scholar of Arabic and Persian. At the age of twenty, he married a good lady. After the death of his father he left his home and went to live on a mound (Bhit) at some distance from his village. Latif was a very loving person. He spent his most time in devotion and prayer. He had a large number of followers. They loved him very much and they lovingly called him “Lal Latif”. Near by the mound is a lake. He would spend much of his time sitting on the bank of this lake where he prayed to God and composed poetry in His praise. Shah Latif was not only a great saint and a poet, but also he was a great musician. He simplified the music of those days. He invented a musical instrument and called it “Tambooro”.
“Tambooro” is popular all over Sindh. Lal Latif died in 1165 Hijra and he was buried on the mound. A famous king of Sindh, Ghulam Shah Kalhoro built a shrine over his grave. Latif’s poetry was collected and this collection came to be called the Risalo of Shah Abdul Latif. He wrote poetry in Sindhi language. His poetry has been translated into many languages. Latif’s “urs” is held at his shrine every year on 14th Safar. Latif’s message is the message of love. He believed in the brotherhood and equality of men and in pleasing God by good deeds.