Contribution of Muslim Scientist in the field of biology

by • 14/07/2011 • Old Pattern Biology NotesComments (0)2137

Many Muslim scientists contributed a lot in the field of biology but the following names are more respectable:

·       Jabar-Bin-Hayan

Period: 722-817 A.D

Books: Alnabatat and Alhaywan

Contribution: He studied the life of plants and animals and wrote many books about them.

·       Abdul-Malik-Asmal

Period:741 A.D

Books: Al-Kheil, Al-Ibil, As-Sha, Al-Wahoosh, Khalaqul Insan.

Contributions: He described the body structure and functions of horses, camels, sheep, wild animals and human beings in detail.

·       Abu-Usman-Umer Al-Jahiz

Books: Al-Haywan

Contribution: He explained the characteristics of about 350 species of animals. He wrote on the life of aunts especially.

·       Al-Farabi and Abu-ul-Qusim Al-Zahravi

Period: 870-950 A.D

Books: Al-Nabatat, Al-Haywanat

Contribution: The above mentioned books were written by Al-Farabi. On the other hand, Al-Zahravi was famous for removal of stone from urinary bladder.

·       Ibn-ul-Haitham

Period: 965-1039 A.D

Books: Al-Manazir, Mizan-ul-Hikma

Contributions: Both of these books were famous and well known at that time. These books were translated into Latin, Hebrew, Greek and other western languages. He explained the structure and functions of eyes and suggested the cornea as a site of vision.

·       Bu-Ali Sina

Period: 980 A.D

Book: Al-Qanoon Fil Tib Al-Shifa

Contribution: He wrote about plants, animals and non-living things in one book. He was expert in mathematics, astronomy, physics and paleontology.

·       Ibn-ul-Nafees

Contribution: he described the blood circulation in the human body.

·       Ali Ibne Isa

Contribution: He worked on structure, functions of eye and about 130 diseases of eyes and their treatment.

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